Posts Tagged ‘student loans’
Financial aid is a wonderful resource that you can use to get yourself through school. Whether you absolutely need large loans or choose to apply for small scholarships here and there, it is important to know the major differences between your financial aid options. Here are some key points to keep in mind when comparing financial aid options:
- Scholarships are usually awarded to students based on merit or an application process.
- It is typically a fixed amount of money granted for the student to use towards his or her studies. The student does not need to repay this money.
- Sometimes the funds are given directly to the student to use as he or she deems necessary. Other times – usually when a university provides the scholarship – students can only access funds through their student account. This varies depending on the organization donating the scholarship money.
- Applications vary greatly for each scholarship. Most require written essays and academic transcripts.
- An important element to remember about scholarships is that they are not necessarily based on financial need. Many scholarships are available to students based on their academic performance and application, as opposed to income.
- Some scholarships include perks like membership to the donating organization or post-graduate career assistance.
- Loans come with more responsibility post-graduation than scholarships because students are borrowing money, not being given a fixed amount.
- The amount a student can borrow depends on his or her education level (undergraduate vs. graduate) and dependency status (independent vs. dependent).
- The borrowed money must be repaid after graduation. Interest rates are applied during the repayment period, which often begins six to twelve months after graduation.
- While loans are most frequently subsidized (funded) by the Federal Government, private loans do exist.
- Any student wishing to receive loans from the government must fill out a Master Promissory Note, essentially a legal contract that binds students to repaying their loans.
- Students wishing to obtain loans must fill out the government FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) form.
- You can borrow money regardless of your income or your parent’s income; you are only excluded from these government loans if you’ve been unable to pay them back in the past or have been convicted of drug offenses.
According to the Associated Press, half of recent College graduates are either unemployed or underemployed. Young adults have been hit extremely hard by the weak economy and are having a hard time finding work in their field. The “lost generation” as many label them are having a harder and harder time entering the workforce.
With high tuition and student loans, many recent graduates are barely scraping by working lower-wage jobs such as retail clerk, bartender or server. As the loan payments pile up, your local barista might be standing at work wondering why he majored in a liberal arts field.
The prospects for graduates are highly uneven depending on what field they studied in school. There are significantly more opportunities in the sciences, education and health fields, while those who studied arts and humanities are finding opportunities scarce.
The median income for those with bachelor’s degrees is down from where it was in 2000. Another bad sign is that projections are showing that many of the futures jobs will be in low-skilled fields.
Harvard economist Richard Freeman notes, “you can make more money on average if you go to college, but it’s not true for everybody. If you’re not sure what you’re going to be doing, it probably bodes well to take some job, if you can get one, and get a sense first of what you want from college.”
According to Andrew Sum, director of the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University, “simply put, we’re failing kids coming out of college. We’re going to need a lot better job growth and connections to the labor market, otherwise college debt will grow.”
The AP states “About 1.5 million, or 53.6 percent, of bachelor’s degree-holders under the age of 25 last year were jobless or underemployed, the highest share in at least 11 years. In 2000, the share was at a low of 41 percent, before the dot-com bust erased job gains for college graduates in the telecommunications and IT fields.”
This is why it is so important to search for as many scholarships as possible to make college as affordable as possible!
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